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Radiation reflection from star surface reveals the mystery of interpulse shift and appearance of high frequency components in the Crab pulsar
International Conference Physics of Neutron Stars - 2017. 50 years after, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, July 10-14, 2017, #932, pp.1-8 (2017)

V.M. Kontorovich and S.V. Trofymenko

A new mechanism of radiation emission in the polar gap of a pulsar is discussed. It is based on the curvature radiation which is emitted by positrons moving towards the surface of neutron star along field lines of the inclined magnetic field and reflects from the surface. This mechanism explains the mystery of the interpulse shift and appearance of additional components in the emission of Crab pulsar at high frequencies discovered by Moffett and Hankins twenty years ago. We discuss coherence, energy flux and spectrum of the reflected radiation, appearance and disappearance of the interpulse position shift with the frequency increase. It is also possible that a nonlinear reflection (stimulated scattering) from the star surface is observed in the form of HF components. The frequency drift of these components, discovered by Hankins, Jones and Eilek, is discussed. The nonlinear reflection is associated with ?Wood?s anomaly? at the diffracted waves grazing along the star surface. Two components can arise due to slow and fast waves which are present in the magnetospheric plasma. The possible scheme of their appearance due to birefringence at the reflection is also proposed.