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Formation of ultrashort triangular pulses in optical fibers
Optics Express, Vol. 22, #23, pp.29119-2913 (2014)

S.O. Iakushev, O.V. Shulika, I.A. Sukhoivanov, V.I. Fesenko, M.V. Andres and H. Sayinc

Specialty shape ultrashort optical pulses, and triangular pulses in particular, are of great interest in optical signal processing. Compact fiber-based techniques for producing the special pulse waveforms from Gaussian or secant pulses delivered by modern ultrafast lasers are in demand in telecommunications. Using the nonlinear Schr?dinger equation in an extended form the transformation of ultrashort pulses in a fiber towards triangular shape is characterized by the misfit parameter under variety of incident pulse shapes, energies, and chirps. It is shown that short (1?2 m) conventional single mode fiber can be used for triangular pulse formation in the steady-state regime without any pre-chirping if femtosecond pulses are used for pumping. The pulses obtained are stable and demonstrate linear chirp. The ranges and combinations of the pulse parameters found here will serve as a guide for scheduling the experiments and implementation of various all-fiber schemes for optical signal processing.